1. Material Control and Valuation, 2. Labour Cost Control, 3. Overheads: Collection, Apportionment and Absorpation (including Machine – Hour Rate), 4. Single or Unit or Output Costing, 8. Calculation of Quotation, Estimates or Tender Price, 9. Reconciliation of Cost and Financial Accounts, 10. Process Costing, 11. Contract Costing, 12. Operating Costing.